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Running Periodical Literature in Bigger Training Libraries in Sierra Leone


At the Standard Conference of UNESCO held in Paris on 19th November, 1964, it was agreed that “a publication is a periodical if it constituted a single issue in a continual sequence under the very same title” (Norman, 2008). Supporting this idea, a periodical literature is published at frequent intervals around an indefinite period, unique issues in the collection remaining unnumbered. On this notice, a periodical literature is a publication with a exclusive title which appears at mentioned or common intervals without having prior determination as to when the very last situation shall show up. It has posts, stories, or other writings by various contributors. Periodical literature is utilized in its narrower sense as indicating transactions and percentages of societies, daily newspapers magazines, scholarly journals, trade journals, overview journals. Like most underdeveloped and creating nations around the world in the planet insufficient funding of greater schooling libraries in Sierra Leone displays on inadequately developed periodical literature selection and as a consequence ineffective info support is delivered to the dissatisfaction of consumers. Primarily based on the price for exploration work in the academia, managing periodical literature in larger education and learning libraries in Sierra Leone need to be the require for a selection of common periodical literature in tutorial libraries is essential.

Bigger Educational Establishments IN SIERRA LEONE

Sierra Leone operates a 6-3-3-4 system of schooling are subdivided into 6(6) several years at the principal level, a few(3) several years at the Junior Secondary degree, 3(3) at the Senior Secondary level, and a bare minimum of four(4) several years at the tertiary amount. This sub-division enables the implementation of curriculum that requires account of the diverse pupils far more thoroughly. The normal goal of training policy in Sierra Leone is to supply every single baby with an education and learning which takes absolutely into an account: character progress: his curiosity skill and aptitude his psychological, psychological and bodily properly-being the manpower needs of the nation the equivalent worth of equally educational and non-academic training the require for a literature and numerate populace. the financial sources of the state, so that his education can be of use to the state and at the identical time deliver alternatives for him to be productive in daily life.

Larger education and learning is post-secondary education and learning given in a college, college or polytechnique and is the phase of specialisation. The goals of greater education and learning vary in accordance to the institution and study course of examine but commonly contain the acquisition physical and mental expertise important for the enhancement of equally the particular person and his culture. In Sierra Leone, better instructional establishments form the basis of educational progression next the completion of secondary education. Greater instruction is the most powerful implies altering the outlook of persons by way of the broadening of their horizon. Societal improvement to a substantial extent is dependent on the human resource empowerment and development. In opposition to this history, bigger academic establishments enjoy a pivotal function in developing the human useful resource to contribute positively and meaningfully to the socio-economic, political and educational enhancement of Sierra Leone.

Larger educational establishments in Sierra Leone are the College of Sierra Leone, Ernest Bai Koroma College and Njala College which are condition owned and College of Makeni and Limkonwong College which are non-public owned. The constituent faculties underneath the University of Sierra Leone involve Fourah Bay College(FBC), Institute of Public Administration and Administration(IPAM) and College of Medicine and Allied Wellbeing Science(COMAHS) Bo Campus and Njala University. The higher instructional institutions of collegiate position involve Milton Margai Higher education of Training and Engineering Eastern Polytechnigue Bonthe Polytechnique Freetown Instructor. Port Loko Teachers Faculty and these supply classes major to the award of diplomas and Certification. On the opposite, the condition-owned and private -owned universities offer Certificates, Diploma, Undergraduate and postgraduate diploma classes in many disciplines in the school of their respective institutions. The curricula differs from establishment to establishment and curricula and programmes that require the use of periodical literature consist of drugs, legislation, engineering, education and learning, agriculture, arts and humanities, social sciences, pure and applied sciences, technologies, administration and administration. To a larger extent, the Central Authorities, by way of subventions money for higher academic institutions to greatly enhance their sleek-managing, even although some donor companies do render financial help to these establishments in addition to internal cash created by them.


Libraries are storage of information and facts is this sort of a worthwhile commodity that its enormous contribution to nationwide enhancement can not be underestimated. Larger training libraries are the nerve centres of all tutorial actions. This basically indicates that these libraries contribute to the training/learning and exploration programmes of the dad or mum establishments by furnishing the needed info expert services for undergraduate and postgraduate pupils, instructing personnel, researchers, administrative and specialized staff. Helpful academic get the job done is dependent on top quality facts service and the library performs a considerable purpose in this regard. In accordance to Frederick Ken Nicol information and facts is an vital resource utilised by organisations to provide acceptable merchandise or solutions to buyers(2011 p.64). In this vein, increased education and learning libraries take care of facts to satisfactorily meet the will need of their clientele. Consequently, facts demands to be prepared for in the identical way that human and economic methods are planned to make certain enhanced efficiency and effective assistance delivery. As a result, tutorial libraries like all other organisations that have thought out and systematic data preparing course of action stand out to benefit more these that do not. Perfectly-prepared and organised information and facts improves effective assistance supply.

Larger education and learning libraries in Sierra Leone aid exploration operate, group enhancement and complement the teaching/discovering processes in their respective mum or dad establishments. In this regard, good management of increased instruction libraries is the organisations and maintenance of a properly-balanced and vibrant assortment in making sure that the information and facts requirements of people are satisfactorily satisfied. The diverse collections stocked in these institutions involve but not restricted to common reserve assortment on all disciplines to personal loan by end users out of the library constructing, specialised assortment, reference selection and periodical literature and the quantum of their contents depends on the dimensions of the library and its readership. Producing and preserving a perfectly-stocked selection as perfectly as recruiting and empowering skilled and skilled employees is largely dependent on the money energy of the library. Thus academic libraries require to be prioritised by their dad or mum bodies when it arrives to yearly finances approval and allocations for their successful operations.

Controlling tutorial libraries could be connected with the providers they offer. Considering the fact that the functions of educational libraries are equipment in the direction of the provision of effective solutions, this is only actualised by paying for various copies of textbooks, new journals and a good assortment of advisable texts for qualifications studying to develop and organise an academic library for efficient tutorial operate.


The provision of greater schooling libraries is vital in complementing the educating/finding out course of action and for helpful investigate work. In this regard, top quality really should be put on the administration of periodical literature in increased training libraries getting into account their significance in delivering existing and researchable data.

Because periodical literature sorts section of the selection of an educational library, a large share of its spending budget allocated need to be utilised for the purchase of present-day and well known journals. The periodicals to be obtained need to be titles advisable by school users in collaboration with the periodical Librarian throughout disciplines offered in the institution these types of as Library Quarterly Journal of Sociology Chemical, Abstracts Soils Science Journal Worldwide Journal of Management Scientific Science Quarterly. It is important to note that organising and preserving periodicals in increased education and learning libraries differ from institution to establishment.

In the beginning, periodicals ended up released to empower philosophers and Scientist to talk their new suggestions and believed to other people interested in the same or very similar subjects. Right now, periodicals are principal media for publishing unique discovered papers and the state-of-the-artwork testimonials. They are more and more vital as they can be useful for the two latest and retrospective facts necessary by teachers.

Lawson(2014) opined that the importance hooked up to periodical literature necessitates the enhancement of a strong periodical literature selection as aspect of the library inventory. The writer of this report, however uncovered that periodicals are of wonderful importance in greater education and learning libraries in that:

  • new matters new discoveries and systems are typically launched in posts in periodicals
  • they source commonly the most up-to-date probable facts on a given topics
  • they are normally the purely supply of components on new topics
  • they supply a certain short article to a reader who has found it cited in a e book or yet another journal and
  • they give an overview of the condition of a supplied self-control at a individual time.

Also periodical posting could continue being priceless information and facts sources for a generation or in fact for a for a longer time period of time. Periodical article content are commonly fairly concise, often incredibly dependable and routinely properly-illustrated. A point to observe is that periodical have recent information on most disciplines.

More significance of periodical literature in better instruction libraries as asserted is that they are principal supply of new information, no matter if it be the end result of analysis, information products, statistical facts, announcement, correspondence, adverts about a merchandise and providers or whichever. Each individual type of periodical is crucial to at minimum a group of people in academia, relating to their get the job done, or leisure activities some have ephemera existence others might be handy for a lot of decades, even indefinitely. Having into the thought the significance of periodical literature in better education libraries, their assortment and acquisition possibly by subscription, donation or trade need to be a collaborative energy amongst the libraries and staff of the a variety of faculties and universities.

Periodical literature in increased training libraries in Sierra Leone consist of journals, indexes, abstracts, journals, serials and their organisations and administration differs from library to library. Difficulties of all gained periodical literature are recorded on a kardex and any lacking concern must be claimed from the publisher. Just before displaying and shelving them, all recorded problems are claimed with the ex libri stamp of the library in question. When all the troubles to finish a volume are acquired, they are then place with each other to be sent to bindery or conservation device for either challenging go over binding or stitching. Customers of periodical literature in these establishments contain college students, lecturers and researchers. Periodical literatures are to be made use of within just the walls of the Periodical Office. Nevertheless, customers are permitted to acquire them out to photocopy the required web pages immediately after signing for them. Lecturers are supplied conception to financial loan them on small term foundation and bank loan information are stored to recall overdue concerns. The upkeep of periodical literature is as worth as the other collections of the library.


The key problem greater instruction libraries in Sierra Leone deal with is funding. These libraries are inadequately funded by their mum or dad bodies to a position that the smooth-functioning of their operations in making sure successful info provider supply is enormously hampered. For an academic library to acquire and manage a vivid periodical literature collection depend on how well it is funded. Assortment growth in larger education libraries in Sierra Leone has confronted challenges of fulfilling the demand from customers of their clientele with an expanding scarcity of funds to cope with the substantial charge of periodical publications. As the result of the regulation funds allotted to operate these libraries, subscribing to the needed journal title poses a serious trouble for the Acquisition Librarian. Some volumes are incomplete lacking troubles are hard to substitute and the obtain of kardexes on which obtained journal challenges are recorded is not really possible because the library operates inside of a limited economical resources.

In correctly functioning greater schooling libraries, both the human and money aspects must be balanced as these two are inseparable in attaining the wished-for goal of an organisation. Against this history, schools and universities in Sierra Leone with the support of the Ministry of Technical and larger Schooling must re-outlined their respective libraries so that top quality could be positioned on the membership of related journal titles as effectively as professing lacking difficulties from publishers and their agents.

Another problem higher education and learning libraries in Sierra Leone confronted in controlling their periodical literature collection is that of storage place. Most of these libraries with the exception of Fourah Bay Higher education(FBC) library which has a separate Periodical Department, do not have plenty of house for freshly obtained titles. The storage difficulties these libraries faced prospects to the repeated weeding of periodical literature to generate room for subsequent difficulties.

The price tag involved in conserving and preserving periodical volumes and difficulties is an additional obstacle in taking care of periodical literature in increased schooling libraries. Unbound, unstitched concerns can be conveniently snatched away in particular for those in hefty need. Finishing the complications are those of major use of restricted copies. Opening hours of periodical literature assortment and financial loan process inadequate employees problem and potential setting up for personnel to efficiently regulate periodical literature selection which implies that recruited employees ought to be skilled academically and skillfully to increase their competence and effectiveness misuse and abuse of periodicals in conditions of theft mutilation of essential posts thereby depriving other consumers and rough dealing with that will cause problems which simply just implies insecurity digitisation of periodical literature selection as a way of modernising it in this information and facts Age whereby data is processed, preserved and retrieve electronically in guaranteeing velocity and precision unavailability of on the web copies and photocopiers having into account the developing quantity of periodical literature.

Any treatment of selection enhancement in increased education libraries are unable to find the money for to ignore the question of periodicals which can be witnessed as a challenge. As valued resources of new and reliable information and facts for researchers and academics, periodicals are of good significance. The function they enjoy for the advancement of know-how to battle illiteracy simply cannot be underestimated. Periodical literature stays very important resources of information and facts for a generational time period. Higher instruction librarians could not be capable to judge the intrinsic price of periodicals but really should know anything about their value to the establishment in concern and sample of use which are crucial conditions for judging their price.

Periodical literature can be of excellent significance in larger education and learning libraries in Sierra Leone and so their productive administration should really be of problem to the librarians and university authorities. In establishing periodical literature collections in tutorial libraries guarantee well balanced collection of latest journal titles in subject locations applicable to the curriculum, librarian-school collaboration is vital. The adequacy of periodical literature collection count on journal titles selected and acquired to be additional to the present stock to satisfy the desires of the curriculum of the establishment and individuals of people. In perspective of these issues, the authorities of bigger schooling libraries in Sierra Leone must see the need to solicit enough funds by way of lobbying the Government, NGOs, parastatals and philanthropists to render fiscal assistance for the helpful cooperation of their libraries. Advocating by librarians for very good spending budget allocation is very in area and the phase in the ideal direction.


Increased education and learning libraries in Sierra Leone will need to construct and maintained vibrant periodical literature collections but this is dependent on how sufficiently they are funded by their respective mum or dad establishments. Consequently, there is a need to have for an maximize in the spending budget allocation of these libraries so that they can realize their wished-for objectives. A point-well worth noting is that the appointment of competent and competent staff in running the periodical selection of these libraries must be taken into keen thought as both equally the human and financial aspects ought to be very well well balanced in improving efficient services supply. Capacity creating of the recruited personnel to a significant extent is essential for efficient effectiveness guarantees their upward mobility which is witnessed as a motivational element. Personnel of the periodical literature selection should be safety-mindful to stay clear of the misuse and abuse of periodicals. The use of periodical must be intently monitored by staff so that internet pages are not mutilated and seriously utilized issues are not taken absent by buyers whereby other folks are deprived. Photocopying amenities should really be delivered inside of the library, so that necessary pages are photocopied by end users on request. The availability of suitable funds improves the digitisation of periodical literature collection thereby making sure the availability of on the net copies which will make the administration of periodical literature in greater training libraries in Sierra Leone useful. The librarians of these institutions need to endeavour to revisit the opening hours of their periodical literature collections as lengthy hrs could allow successful use of the time of consumers.


Donaldson, Frank H. (2010). Handling periodicals in academic libraries. New York: Prentice Corridor.

Findlay, Jane Rose (2011). How to establish and run a periodical selection in a higher education library? London: ELM Publications.

Lawson, Eric J.(2014). What is a periodical and its significance for scientists? Cambridge: Cambridge College Push.

Nicol, Frederick Ken(2011). How to purchase and deal with periodical publications in analysis libraries? New York: Educational Push.

Norman, Betty Ann(2008). The use of periodicals in college libraries. London: Clive Bingley.